Different compounds are extracted with different time courses from fruits during microwave hydrodiffusion: examples and possible causes - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Food Chemistry Year : 2014

Different compounds are extracted with different time courses from fruits during microwave hydrodiffusion: examples and possible causes

Abstract

We set out to determine how nutrients diffuse during extraction, using fractional collection. The highest concentrations of sugars (195.5, 64.8 and 60.8 g/L, respectively for grape, 'Najbolia' plum and apricot) were found for the earliest stages of extraction, with a decrease in concentration (to 41.4 g/L, 48.2 g/L and 1.7 g/L, respectively) at the end of extraction process. Total polyphenols showed the same trends for plum and apricot (from 4.1 g/L to 2.9 g/L for 'Najbolia' plum, from 2.2 to 0.2 g/L for apricot) but highest concentrations of total polyphenols (for grape and cherry) were obtained at fraction 5 or 6 (out of 7). Carotenoids from cherry tomato also had highest concentrations (at circa 25 mg/L) almost at the end of extraction. For volatile molecules from sweet cherry, hexanal, 2-hexenal and linalool had their highest concentrations at fractions 3-4 (out of 7). Diffusion of nutrients depended on fruit destructuring, molecule solubility and localization of the compounds. Fruit size seemed unimportant.
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hal-02637451 , version 1 (27-05-2020)

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Aurélie Cendres, Mélanie Hoerlé, Farid Chemat, Catherine M.G.C. Renard. Different compounds are extracted with different time courses from fruits during microwave hydrodiffusion: examples and possible causes. Food Chemistry, 2014, 154, pp.179-186. ⟨10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.01.004⟩. ⟨hal-02637451⟩
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