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The plant pathogen Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris exploits N-acetylglucosamine during infection.

Abstract : Despite the central role of N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) in nature, there is no evidence that phytopathogenic bacteria metabolize this compound during plant infection. Results obtained here suggest that Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris, the causal agent of black rot disease on Brassica, encounters and metabolizes GlcNAc in planta and in vitro. Active and specific outer membrane transporters belonging to the TonB-dependent transporters family are proposed to import GlcNAc-containing complex molecules from the host, from the bacterium, and/or from the environment, and bacterial glycoside hydrolases induced by GlcNAc participate in their degradation. Our results extend the range of sources of GlcNAc metabolized by this phytopathogenic bacterium during its life cycle to include chitooligosaccharides that could originate from fungi or insects present in the plant environment, muropeptides leached during peptidoglycan recycling and bacterial lysis, and N-glycans from plant N-glycosylated proteins present in the plant cell wall as well as in xylem sap.
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Alice Boulanger, Claudine Zischek, Martine Lautier, Stevie Jamet, Pauline Rival, et al.. The plant pathogen Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris exploits N-acetylglucosamine during infection.. mBio, American Society for Microbiology, 2014, 5 (5), pp.e01527-14. ⟨10.1128/mBio.01527-14⟩. ⟨hal-02637892⟩

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