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Le changement climatique, facteur structurant de transformation pour la gestion durable des forêts: article de synthèse

Abstract : Climate change is a major driver of sustainable forest management change. In this paper, R&D engineers of the French National Forest Service reviewed several aspects of sustainable forest management in the light of climate change, in order to identify research and innovation priorities. Climate change may be addressed with various points of view: (i) impacts, risk prevention and crisis management; (ii) adaptation of forest management; (iii) contribution to mitigation through wood production and use; (iv) continuity and quality of ecosystem services. The state of the art and ongoing questions were outlined, according to the specific challenges of a public service managing 25% of the mainland forest area, supplying 40% of exchanged timber, and particularly concerned by different national and European policies (forestry-wood chain, climate change, biodiversity conservation, energy transition, natural risk mitigation and prevention, water). The horizon scan did not suggest obvious contradictions between the different points of view. It showed (i) the potential opportunities brought by innovations linked to bioeconomy (bio-based production chains and markets); (ii) the need for a more explicit and integrated statement of management objectives, especially those regarding timber use and conservation of biodiversity; (iii) the impact of concentrating R&D investments and innovations to support an active, diversified forest management, condition for continuously providing high-quality ecosystem services, mitigating risks and securing a sufficient supply to the forest industries.
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Jean-Francois Dhote, Sophie Cornu, Christine Deleuze, Patrick Dreyfus, Myriam Legay, et al.. Le changement climatique, facteur structurant de transformation pour la gestion durable des forêts: article de synthèse. Innovations Agronomiques, INRAE, 2015, 47, pp.131-156. ⟨10.15454/1.4622695368946316E12⟩. ⟨hal-02638171⟩

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