Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
New interface
Journal articles

FOXL2 is a female sex-determining gene in the goat

Abstract : The origin of sex reversal in XX goats homozygous for the polled intersex syndrome (PIS) mutation was unclear because of the complexity of the mutation that affects the transcription of both FOXL2 and several long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) [1, 2]. Accumulating evidence suggested that FOXL2 could be the sole gene of the PIS locus responsible for XX sex reversal, the lncRNAs being involved in transcriptional regulation of FOXL2 [2]. In this study, using zinc-finger nuclease-directed mutagenesis, we generated several fetuses, of which one XX individual bears biallelic mutations of FOXL2. Our analysis demonstrates that FOXL2 loss of function dissociated from loss of lncRNA expression is sufficient to cause an XX female-to-male sex reversal in the goat model and, as in the mouse model, an agenesis of eyelids. Both developmental defects were reproduced in two newborn animals cloned from the XX FOXL2(-/-) fibroblasts. These results therefore identify FOXL2 as a bona fide female sex-determining gene in the goat. They also highlight a stage-dependent role of FOXL2 in the ovary, different between goats and mice, being important for fetal development in the former but for postnatal maintenance in the latter.
Complete list of metadata
Contributor : Migration ProdInra Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, May 28, 2020 - 10:31:44 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 10:31:49 AM

Links full text




Laurent Boulanger, Maëlle Pannetier, Laurence Gall Pouget Gall, Aurélie Allais-Bonnet, Maeva M. El Zaiat, et al.. FOXL2 is a female sex-determining gene in the goat. Current Biology - CB, 2014, 24 (4), pp.404-408. ⟨10.1016/j.cub.2013.12.039⟩. ⟨hal-02638689⟩



Record views