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Modification of Plasma Membrane Organization in Tobacco Cells Elicited by Cryptogein

Abstract : Lipid mixtures within artificial membranes undergo a separation into liquid-disordered and liquid-ordered phases. However, the existence of this segregation into microscopic liquid-ordered phases has been difficult to prove in living cells, and the precise organization of the plasma membrane into such phases has not been elucidated in plant cells. We developed a multispectral confocal microscopy approach to generate ratiometric images of the plasma membrane surface of Bright Yellow 2 tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) suspension cells labeled with an environment sensitive fluorescent probe. This allowed the in vivo characterization of the global level of order of this membrane, by which we could demonstrate that an increase in its proportion of ordered phases transiently occurred in the early steps of the signaling triggered by cryptogein and flagellin, two elicitors of plant defense reactions. The use of fluorescence recovery after photobleaching revealed an increase in plasma membrane fluidity induced by cryptogein, but not by flagellin. Moreover, we characterized the spatial distribution of liquid-ordered phases on the membrane of living plant cells and monitored their variations induced by cryptogein elicitation. We analyze these results in the context of plant defense signaling, discuss their meaning within the framework of the "membrane raft" hypothesis, and propose a new mechanism of signaling platform formation in response to elicitor treatment.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 28, 2020 - 10:41:36 AM
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Patricia Gerbeau-Pissot, Christophe Der, Dominique Thomas, Iulia-Andra Anca, Kévin Grosjean, et al.. Modification of Plasma Membrane Organization in Tobacco Cells Elicited by Cryptogein. Plant Physiology, American Society of Plant Biologists, 2014, 164 (1), pp.273-286. ⟨10.1104/pp.113.225755⟩. ⟨hal-02638760⟩



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