Relationship between pollination and cell wall properties in common fig fruit - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Phytochemistry Year : 2014

Relationship between pollination and cell wall properties in common fig fruit

Abstract

Most botanical types in fig Ficus carica require pollination to fulfil their development and ensure quality onset of the fruit. Cell wall behaviour and composition was followed in fig fruit in response to pollination during maturity. Figs. when ripe, soften drastically and lose of their firmness and cell wall cohesion. Pollination increased peel thickness, flesh thickness, fresh weight and dry matter content of the fruit. Alcohol insoluble solids (AIS), more concentrated in the flesh tissue, were not influenced by the lack of pollination. Concentrations in uronic acids were higher in the AIS of the peel than that of the flesh and differences were significant between pollinated and non-pollinated fruits. Pectin polymers in figs were high methylated (DM > 50). The methylation degree (DM) increased more with pollination affecting textural properties of the fig receptacle. The major neutral sugars from the AIS were glucose (Glc) from cellulose followed by arabinose (Ara). No significant changes in neutral sugars content could be allocated to pollination. Pollination is essential in fruit enlargement and softening. Minor changes were determined in the cell wall composition of the fruit at maturity. Fertile seeds resulting from pollination may possibly take place in hormonal activity stimulating many related enzymes of the wall matrix depolymerisation in particular polygalacturonase (PG) and pectin methylesterase (PME).
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Dates and versions

hal-02639413 , version 1 (28-05-2020)

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Mehdi Trad, Christian Ginies, Badii Gaaliche, Catherine M.G.C. Renard, Messaoud Mars. Relationship between pollination and cell wall properties in common fig fruit. Phytochemistry, 2014, 98, pp.78-84. ⟨10.1016/j.phytochem.2013.12.011⟩. ⟨hal-02639413⟩
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