Environmental conditions affect Botrytis cinerea Infection of mature grape berries more than the strain or transposon genotype - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Phytopathology Year : 2015

Environmental conditions affect Botrytis cinerea Infection of mature grape berries more than the strain or transposon genotype

Abstract

Effects of environment, Botrytis cinerea strain, and their interaction on the infection of mature grape berries were investigated. The combined effect of temperature (T) of 15, 20, 25, and 30°C and relative humidity (RH) of 65, 80, 90, and 100% was studied by inoculating berries with mycelium plugs. Regardless of the T, no disease occurred at 65% RH, and both disease incidence and severity increased with increasing RH. The combined effect of T (5 to 30°C) and wetness duration (WD) of 3, 6, 12, 24, and 36 h was studied by inoculating berries with conidia. At WD of 36 h, disease incidence was approximately 75% of affected berries at 20 or 25°C, 50% at 15°C, and 30 to 20% at 30 and 10°C; no infection occurred at 5°C. Under favorable conditions (100% RH or 36 h of WD) and unfavorable conditions (65% RH or 3 h of WD), berry wounding did not significantly affect disease incidence; under moderately favorable conditions (80% RH or 6 to 12 h of WD), disease incidence was approximately 1.5 to 5 times higher in wounded than in intact berries. Our data collectively showed that (i) T and RH or WD were more important than strain for mature berry infection by either mycelium or conidia and (ii) the effect of the environment on the different strains was similar. Two equations were developed describing the combined effect of T and RH, or T and WD, on disease incidence following inoculation by mycelium (R(2) = 0.99) or conidia (R(2) = 0.96), respectively. These equations may be useful in the development of models used to predict and control Botrytis bunch rot during berry ripening.

Dates and versions

hal-02639553 , version 1 (28-05-2020)

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Nicola Ciliberti, Marc Fermaud, Jean Roudet, Vittorio Rossi. Environmental conditions affect Botrytis cinerea Infection of mature grape berries more than the strain or transposon genotype. Phytopathology, 2015, 105 (8), pp.1090-1096. ⟨10.1094/PHYTO-10-14-0264-R⟩. ⟨hal-02639553⟩

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