A liver Hif-2 alpha-Irs2 pathway sensitizes hepatic insulin signaling and is modulated by Vegf inhibition - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Nature Medicine Year : 2013

A liver Hif-2 alpha-Irs2 pathway sensitizes hepatic insulin signaling and is modulated by Vegf inhibition

Kevin Wei
  • Function : Author
David Kuo
  • Function : Author
Jenny Yuan
  • Function : Author
Mario Vallon
  • Function : Author
Etienne Lefai
Gilles Mithieux
Fabienne Rajas

Abstract

Insulin initiates diverse hepatic metabolic responses, including gluconeogenic suppression and induction of glycogen synthesis and lipogenesis1,2. The liver possesses a rich sinusoidal capillary network with a higher degree of hypoxia and lower gluconeogenesis in the perivenous zone as compared to the rest of the organ3. Here, we show that diverse vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors improved glucose tolerance in nondiabetic C57BL/6 and diabetic db/db mice, potentiating hepatic insulin signaling with lower gluconeogenic gene expression, higher glycogen storage and suppressed hepatic glucose production. VEGF inhibition induced hepatic hypoxia through sinusoidal vascular regression and sensitized liver insulin signaling through hypoxia-inducible factor-2 alpha (Hif-2 alpha, encoded by Epas1) stabilization. Notably, liverspecific constitutive activation of HIF-2 alpha, but not HIF-1 alpha, was sufficient to augment hepatic insulin signaling through direct and indirect induction of insulin receptor substrate-2 (Irs2), an essential insulin receptor adaptor protein4-6. Further, liver Irs2 was both necessary and sufficient to mediate Hif-2 alpha and Vegf inhibition effects on glucose tolerance and hepatic insulin signaling. These results demonstrate an unsuspected intersection between Hif-2 alpha-mediated hypoxic signaling and hepatic insulin action through Irs2 induction, which can be co-opted by Vegf inhibitors to modulate glucose metabolism. These studies also indicate distinct roles in hepatic metabolism for Hif-1 alpha, which promotes glycolysis(7-9), and Hif-2 alpha, which suppresses gluconeogenesis, and suggest new treatment approaches for type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Dates and versions

hal-02643867 , version 1 (28-05-2020)

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Kevin Wei, Stephanie M. Piecewicz, Lisa M. Mcginnis, Cullen M. Taniguchi, Stanley J. Wiegand, et al.. A liver Hif-2 alpha-Irs2 pathway sensitizes hepatic insulin signaling and is modulated by Vegf inhibition. Nature Medicine, 2013, 19 (10), pp.1331 - +. ⟨10.1038/nm.3295⟩. ⟨hal-02643867⟩
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