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A grape polyphenol extract modulates muscle membrane fatty acid composition and lipid metabolism in high-fat-high-sucrose diet-fed rats

Abstract : Accumulation of muscle TAG content and modification of muscle phospholipid fatty acid pattern may have an impact on lipid metabolism, increasing the risk of developing diabetes. Some polyphenols have been reported to modulate lipid metabolism, in particular those issued from red grapes. The present study was designed to determine whether a grape polyphenol extract (PPE) modulates skeletal muscle TAG content and phospholipid fatty acid composition in high-fat-high-sucrose (HFHS) diet-fed rats. Muscle plasmalemmal and mitochondrial fatty acid transporters, GLUT4 and lipid metabolism pathways were also explored. The PPE decreased muscle TAG content in HFHS/PPE diet-fed rats compared with HFHS diet-fed rats and induced higher proportions of n-3 PUPA in phospholipids. The PPE significantly up-regulated GLUT4 mRNA expression. Gene and protein expression of muscle fatty acid transporter cluster of differentiation 36 (CD36) was increased in HFHS diet-fed rats but returned to control values in HFHS/PPE diet-fed rats. Carnitine palmitoykransferase 1 protein expression was decreased with the PPE. Mitochondrial beta-hydroxyacyl CoA dehydrogenase was increased in HFHS diet-fed rats and returned to control values with PPE supplementation. Lipogenesis, mitochondrial biogenesis and mitochondrial activity were not affected by the PPE. In conclusion, the PPE modulated membrane phospholipid fatty acid composition and decreased muscle TAG content in HFHS diet-fed rats. The PPE lowered CD36 gene and protein expression, probably decreasing fatty acid transport and lipid accumulation within skeletal muscle, and increased muscle GLUT4 expression. These effects of the PPE are in favour of a better insulin sensibility.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 26, 2021 - 2:18:41 PM
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Manar Aoun, Françoise Michel, Gilles Fouret, Audrey Schlernitzauer, Vincent Ollendorff, et al.. A grape polyphenol extract modulates muscle membrane fatty acid composition and lipid metabolism in high-fat-high-sucrose diet-fed rats. British Journal of Nutrition, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2011, 106 (4), pp.491-501. ⟨10.1017/s0007114511000602⟩. ⟨hal-02644408⟩

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