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Soil microbial diversity: Methodological strategy, spatial overview and functional interest

Abstract : Since the development of industrialization, urbanization and agriculture, soils have been subjected to numerous variations in environmental conditions, which have resulted in modifications of the taxonomic diversity and functioning of the indigenous microbial communities. As a consequence, the functional significance of these losses/modifications of biodiversity, in terms of the capacity of ecosystems to maintain the functions and services on which humanity depends, is now of pivotal importance. In this context, one of the main challenges in soil microbial ecology is to better understand and predict the processes that drive soil microbial diversity and the link between diversity and ecosystem process. This review describes past, present and ongoing conceptual and methodological strategies employed to better assess and understand the distribution and evolution of soil microbial diversity with the aim of increasing our capacity to translate such diversity into soil biological functioning and, more widely, into ecosystem services.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 28, 2020 - 11:20:27 PM
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Pierre-Alain Maron, Christophe Mougel, Lionel Ranjard. Soil microbial diversity: Methodological strategy, spatial overview and functional interest. Comptes Rendus Biologies, Elsevier Masson, 2011, 334 (5-6), pp.403-411. ⟨10.1016/j.crvi.2010.12.003⟩. ⟨hal-02644731⟩



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