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Voluntary feed intake and preference of locally available feeds by the collared peccary (Tayassu tajacu/Pecari tajacu) a Neo-tropical animal, farmed in Trinidad, Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

Abstract : Nine animals with a mean initial weight of 14.2 (±0.3) kg were used for this study. They were divided into three (3) breeding groups, each group consisting of one (1) male and two (2) females. A 3 x 3 Latin Square design was used where each of three treatments (A, B and C) was randomly applied to each breeding group in each of the three periods. Treatment A consisted of Citrus meal-Green Banana fruit-Dasheen tubers; treatment B, Trichanthera gigantea (leaves and stems)-Coconut meal-Pig grower and treatment C, Soybean meal-Pumpkin- Cassava tubers. A period comprised seven days of adaptation and seven days of collection. The variables measured were Dry Matter Feed Intake (DMI) and feedstuff preference relative to Pig grower. Dry Matter intake (g/head/d), (g/100g LW) and (g/kg0.75 LW) did not differ between pens (breeding groups) or period and values ranged from 393 to 442 g/head/d, 2.42 to 2.92 g/100g LW and 35to 45g/kg0.75 LW, respectively. Feedstuffs showing the lowest preference index were Soybean meal, Coconut meal and Citrus meal of 0.827, 0.588 and 0.510, respectively. Values for Cassava tubers, Green Banana fruit, Pumpkin and Trichanthera were 1.74, 1.79, 1.72 and 1.73, respectively. For treatments A, B and C the values were 1.33, 1.11 and 1.43, respectively. There was no correlation between crude protein intake and DMI (r = 0.05) and crude protein intake ranged from 21.5 to 76 g/hd/d. It was concluded that intensively raised peccary can be fed local feedstuffs such as Cassava tubers, Pumpkin and Dasheen tubers available as waste from crop production, while the Trichanthera gigantea can be used as a viable protein source. However, a low preference was shown for Citrus meal and Coconut meal. Further work is required to find the optimal feedstuff combination to meet the nutrient requirement of the collared peccary at different physiological states.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 29, 2020 - 1:33:11 AM
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  • HAL Id : hal-02645385, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 371078

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Harry Archimède, George Legall, Gary Wayne Garcia, Gail M Young, Cicero H. O. Lallo. Voluntary feed intake and preference of locally available feeds by the collared peccary (Tayassu tajacu/Pecari tajacu) a Neo-tropical animal, farmed in Trinidad, Republic of Trinidad and Tobago. Livestock Research for Rural Development, Centro para la Investigación en Sistemas Sostenibles de Producción Agropecuaria, 2012, 24 (11), Non paginé. ⟨hal-02645385⟩

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