Light Restriction Delays Leaf Senescence in Winter Oilseed Rape (Brassica napus L.) - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Plant Growth Regulation Year : 2013

Light Restriction Delays Leaf Senescence in Winter Oilseed Rape (Brassica napus L.)

Abstract

Oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) is a crop with a complex aerial architecture that can cause self-shading leading to a vertical light gradient over the foliage. Mutual shading between neighboring plants at a high sowing density also results in an alteration of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) absorption by lower leaves. The aim of this study was to analyze the impact that light restriction on lower leaves has on shoot architecture, biomass production and allocation, nitrogen (N) fluxes, and progression of sequential senescence. Field-grown plants were collected at the end of the vegetative rest period and grown in hydroponic conditions until pod maturity. A shading treatment corresponding to a 43.4 % reduction of PAR was applied at the early flowering stage. N uptake and fluxes of N allocation and remobilization were determined by supplying (KNO3)-N-15 in the nutrient solution. Photosynthesis and expression of SAG12 and Cab genes (indicators of leaf senescence progression) were also analyzed on different leaf ranks. The results showed that shading enhanced leaf development on the main stem and ramifications to optimize light capture. The expression pattern of the SAG12/Cab molecular indicator suggested a delay in leaf senescence that allowed leaf life span to be extended resulting in a more efficient leaf compound remobilization, with lower N residual contents in fallen leaves under shading. N uptake increased and N remobilization fluxes were enhanced from source organs (leaves and stem) toward sink organs (flowers). Profuse branching and late senescing varieties would be of interest for further selection programs under high sowing densities.

Dates and versions

hal-02645814 , version 1 (29-05-2020)

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Sophie Brunel-Muguet, Patrick Beauclair, Marie-Paule M.-P. Bataillé, Jean-Christophe Avice, Jacques Trouverie, et al.. Light Restriction Delays Leaf Senescence in Winter Oilseed Rape (Brassica napus L.). Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 2013, 32 (3), pp.506 - 518. ⟨10.1007/s00344-013-9317-9⟩. ⟨hal-02645814⟩
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