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Regulation of metabolism by dietary carbohydrates in two lines of rainbow trout divergently selected for muscle fat content

Abstract : Previous studies in two rainbow trout lines divergently selected for lean (L) or fat (F) muscle suggested that they differ in their ability to metabolise glucose. In this context, we investigated whether genetic selection for high muscle fat content led to a better capacity to metabolise dietary carbohydrates. Juvenile trout from the two lines were fed diets with or without gelatinised starch (17.1%) for 10 weeks, after which blood, liver, muscle and adipose tissues were sampled. Growth rate, feed efficiency and protein utilisation were lower in the F line than in the L line. In both lines, intake of carbohydrates was associated with a moderate post-prandial hyperglycaemia, a protein sparing effect, an enhancement of nutrient (TOR-S6) signalling cascade and a decrease of energy-sensing enzyme (AMPK). Gene expression of hepatic glycolytic enzymes was higher in the F line fed carbohydrates compared with the L line, but concurrently transcripts for the gluconeogenic enzymes was also higher in the F line, possibly impairing glucose homeostasis. However, the F line showed a higher gene expression of hepatic enzymes involved in lipogenesis and fatty acid bioconversion, in particular with an increased dietary carbohydrate intake. Enhanced lipogenic potential coupled with higher liver glycogen content in the F line suggests better glucose storage ability than the L line. Overall, the present study demonstrates the changes in hepatic intermediary metabolism resulting from genetic selection for high muscle fat content and dietary carbohydrate intake without, however, any interaction for an improved growth or glucose utilisation in the peripheral tissues.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 29, 2020 - 7:22:10 AM
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Biju Kamalam, Françoise Médale, Sadasivam Kaushik, Sergio Polakof, Sandrine Skiba-Cassy, et al.. Regulation of metabolism by dietary carbohydrates in two lines of rainbow trout divergently selected for muscle fat content. Journal of Experimental Biology, The Company of Biologists, 2012, 215 (15), pp.2567-2578. ⟨10.1242/jeb.070581⟩. ⟨hal-02647533⟩

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