"In situ" extraction of essential oils by use of Dean-Stark glassware and a Vigreux column inside a microwave oven: a peocedure for teaching green analytical chemistry - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry Year : 2012

"In situ" extraction of essential oils by use of Dean-Stark glassware and a Vigreux column inside a microwave oven: a peocedure for teaching green analytical chemistry

Abstract

One of the principal objectives of sustainable and green processing development remains the dissemination and teaching of green chemistry in colleges, high schools, and academic laboratories. This paper describes simple glassware that illustrates the phenomenon of extraction in a conventional microwave oven as energy source and a process for green analytical chemistry. Simple glassware comprising a Dean–Stark apparatus (for extraction of aromatic plant material and recovery of essential oils and distilled water) and a Vigreux column (as an air-cooled condenser inside the microwave oven) was designed as an in-situ extraction vessel inside a microwave oven. The efficiency of this experiment was validated for extraction of essential oils from 30 g fresh orange peel, a by-product in the production of orange juice. Every laboratory throughout the world can use this equipment. The microwave power is 100 W and the irradiation time 15 min. The method is performed at atmospheric pressure without added solvent or water and furnishes essential oils similar to those obtained by conventional hydro or steam distillation. By use of GC– MS, 22 compounds in orange peel were separated and identified; the main compounds were limonene (72.1 %), β-pinene (8.4 %), and γ-terpinene (6.9 %). This procedure is appropriate for the teaching laboratory, does not require any special microwave equipment, and enables the students to learn the skills of extraction, and chromatographic and spectroscopic analysis. They are also exposed to a dramatic visual example of rapid, sustainable, and green extraction of an essential oil, and are introduced to successful sustainable and green analytical chemistry.

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hal-02647590 , version 1 (29-05-2020)

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Farid Chemat, Sandrine Issartier, Emmanuel Petitcolas, Xavier Fernandez. "In situ" extraction of essential oils by use of Dean-Stark glassware and a Vigreux column inside a microwave oven: a peocedure for teaching green analytical chemistry. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 2012, 404 (3), pp.679-682. ⟨10.1007/s00216-012-5983-x⟩. ⟨hal-02647590⟩
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