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Alcohol and wine in relation to cancer and other diseases

Abstract : Heavy alcohol consumption is associated with increased overall mortality, cancer, liver, and cardiovascular diseases; but low doses of alcohol (up to one drink per day) are not associated with the risk of any cancer site with the exception of breast cancer and possibly of oral and pharyngeal cancers. Moreover, recent evidence indicates that moderate alcohol and specifically wine intake provides cardioprotection and neuroprotection and may increase longevity. Various experimental data hypothesize a potential cancer chemopreventive role of some grape extracts, and complete sequencing of the grapevine genome has revealed genes responsible for the synthesis of health-promoting compounds (resveratrol and other polyphenols), thus advocating the development of future potential nutraceutical strategies. This focuses on the pros and cons of moderate alcohol and wine consumption and opens a debate on this topic.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02648098
Contributor : Migration Prodinra <>
Submitted on : Friday, May 29, 2020 - 8:50:29 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 25, 2021 - 11:38:16 AM

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Attilio Giacosa, Anne-Francoise Adam-Blondon, Sara Baer-Sinnott, Roberto Barale, Luigi Bavaresco, et al.. Alcohol and wine in relation to cancer and other diseases. European Journal of Cancer Prevention, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2012, 21 (1), pp.103-108. ⟨10.1097/CEJ.0b013e32834761d3⟩. ⟨hal-02648098⟩

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