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Journal Articles Expert Review of Proteomics Year : 2012

Exoproteomics: exploring the world around biological systems

Abstract

The term 'exoproteome' describes the protein content that can be found in the extracellular proximity of a given biological system. These proteins arise from cellular secretion, other protein export mechanisms or cell lysis, but only the most stable proteins in this environment will remain in abundance. It has been shown that these proteins reflect the physiological state of the cells in a given condition and are indicators of how living systems interact with their environments. High-throughput proteomic approaches based on a shotgun strategy, and high-resolution mass spectrometers, have modified the authors' view of exoproteomes. In the present review, the authors describe how these new approaches should be exploited to obtain the maximum useful information from a sample, whatever its origin. The methodologies used for studying secretion from model cell lines derived from eukaryotic, multicellular organisms, virulence determinants of pathogens and environmental bacteria and their relationships with their habitats are illustrated with several examples. The implication of such data, in terms of proteogenomics and the discovery of novel protein functions, is discussed.
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hal-02648623 , version 1 (29-05-2020)

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J. Armengaud, Joseph A. Christie-Oleza, Gérémy Clair, Veronique Malard, Catherine Duport. Exoproteomics: exploring the world around biological systems. Expert Review of Proteomics, 2012, 9 (5), pp.561 - 575. ⟨10.1586/EPR.12.52⟩. ⟨hal-02648623⟩
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