(13Z)- and (9Z)-lycopene isomers are major intermediates in the oxidative degradation of lycopene by cigarette smoke and Sin-1 - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Free Radical Research Year : 2012

(13Z)- and (9Z)-lycopene isomers are major intermediates in the oxidative degradation of lycopene by cigarette smoke and Sin-1

Abstract

The breakdown of lycopene in the presence of reactive oxygen and reactive nitrogen species has been studied in order to identify key in vitro intermediates. These compounds may in turn be produced as metabolites in the body and may have significant physiological properties, such as increased antioxidant capacity. We have studied the in vitro degradation of lycopene in solvent, in plasma and in low density lipoprotein, when challenged with freshly generated gaseous cigarette smoke or free radicals generated in situ by S-morpholinosydonimine at 37 degrees C. The emphasis has been to establish the major intermediates and to compare the data with previous studies using different reactants. We have found that (13Z)-lycopene is the major intermediate in both cigarette smoke and S-morpholinosydonimine reactions (representing >= 60% of the converted (all-E)-lycopene at similar to 50% depletion). Additionally, (9Z)-lycopene and various (all-E) and (Z)-lycopene epoxides were predominant. Notably, (5Z)-lycopene appeared to be the most stable form of lycopene under the stated conditions. Previous theoretical studies of isomer thermodynamics and rotational energy barriers for carbon double bonds fully support the pattern of isomer production and stability. In contrast to beta-carotene studies, nitro-derivatives of lycopene could not be detected. In conclusion, (Z)-lycopene production and (5Z)-lycopene stability may help explain elevated (Z)-lycopene in plasma over (Z)-lycopene content in lycopene-containing foods in the diet.
No file

Dates and versions

hal-02648664 , version 1 (29-05-2020)

Identifiers

Cite

Daniel L. Graham, Michel Carail, Catherine Caris-Veyrat, Gordon M. Lowe. (13Z)- and (9Z)-lycopene isomers are major intermediates in the oxidative degradation of lycopene by cigarette smoke and Sin-1. Free Radical Research, 2012, 46 (7), pp.891 - 902. ⟨10.3109/10715762.2012.686663⟩. ⟨hal-02648664⟩
6 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More