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Resistance induction and herbivore virulence in the interaction between Myzus persicae (Sulzer) and a major aphid resistance gene (Rm2) from peach

Abstract : In gene-for-gene host–enemy interactions, monogenic plant resistance results from pathogen recognition that initiates the induction of plant defense responses. Schematically, as the result of the on/off process of recognition, phenotypic variability in enemy virulence is expected to be qualitative, with either a failure or a success of host colonization. We focussed on a major gene from peach conferring avoidance resistance against the green peach aphid Myzus persicae. Measurements of herbivore density and time-dependent aspects of resistance induction were examined, as well as variability in the aphid’s ability to exploit the resistant host. Varying densities of infestation did not provoke differences in the aphid’s tendency to leave a plant, and a single aphid was sufficient to elicit a response. Similarly, the duration of infestation did not affect the aphid response. A brief aphid feeding time of 3 h triggered induced resistance, which became effective between 24 and 48 h after the initial attack. Induced resistance decayed over time in the absence of additional infestation. Thirty aphid genotypes collected from natural populations were tested in the laboratory. No clone could colonize the resistant host, suggesting that all of them triggered the induction of effective plant defense responses. However, we detected significant quantitative variation among clones in the tendency of aphids to leave plants. These results improve our understanding of induced resistance as a dynamic phenomenon and suggest that the potential for aphids to adapt to a major plant resistance gene may depend on factors other than the mere capacity to evade recognition.
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Marie-Hélène Sauge, Jean-Luc Poessel, Thomas Guillemaud, Laurent Lapchin. Resistance induction and herbivore virulence in the interaction between Myzus persicae (Sulzer) and a major aphid resistance gene (Rm2) from peach. Arthropod-Plant Interactions, Springer Verlag, 2011, 5 (4), pp.369-377. ⟨10.1007/s11829-011-9141-8⟩. ⟨hal-02649450⟩

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