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Growth and proteomic analysis of tomato fruit under partial root-zone drying

Abstract : The effects of partial root-zone drying (PRD) on tomato fruit growth and proteome in the pericarp of cultivar Ailsa Craig were investigated. The PRD treatment was 70% of water applied to fully irrigated (FI) plants. PRD reduced the fruit number and slightly increased the fruit diameter, whereas the total fruit fresh weight (FW) and dry weight (DW) per plant did not change. Although the growth rate was higher in FI than in PRD fruits, the longer period of cell expansion resulted in bigger PRD fruits. Proteins were extracted from pericarp tissue at two fruit growth stages (15 and 30 days post-anthesis [dpa]), and submitted to proteomic analysis including two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry for identification. Proteins related to carbon and amino acid metabolism indicated that slower metabolic flux in PRD fruits may be the cause of a slower growth rate compared to FI fruits. The increase in expression of the proteins related to cell wall, energy, and stress defense could allow PRD fruits to increase the duration of fruit growth compared to FI fruits. Upregulation of some of the antioxidative enzymes during the cell expansion phase of PRD fruits appears to be related to their role in protecting fruits against the mild stress induced by PRD.
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Faurobert 2012 OMICS 343-356_1...
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Milena Marjanović, Radmila Stikic, Biljana Vucelic-Radovic, Sladjana Savic, Zorica Jovanovic, et al.. Growth and proteomic analysis of tomato fruit under partial root-zone drying. OMICS, Mary Ann Liebert, 2012, 16 (6), pp.343-356. ⟨10.1089/omi.2011.0076⟩. ⟨hal-02649667⟩

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