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Genetic linkage mapping in fungi: current state, applications, and future trends

Abstract : Genetic mapping is a basic tool for eukaryotic genomic research. Linkage maps provide insights into genome organization and can be used for genetic studies of traits of interest. A genetic linkage map is a suitable support for the anchoring of whole genome sequences. It allows the localization of genes of interest or quantitative trait loci (QTL) and map-based cloning. While genetic mapping has been extensively used in plant or animal models, this discipline is more recent in fungi. The present article reviews the current status of genetic linkage map research in fungal species. The process of linkage mapping is detailed, from the development of mapping populations to the construction of the final linkage map, and illustrated based on practical examples. The range of specific applications in fungi is browsed, such as the mapping of virulence genes in pathogenic species or the mapping of agronomically relevant QTL in cultivated edible mushrooms. Future prospects are finally discussed in the context of the most recent advances in molecular techniques and the release of numerous fungal genome sequences.
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Marie Foulongne-Oriol. Genetic linkage mapping in fungi: current state, applications, and future trends. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Springer Verlag, 2012, 95 (4), pp.891-904. ⟨10.1007/s00253-012-4228-4⟩. ⟨hal-02650205⟩



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