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Consommation alimentaire : tendances de long terme et questions sur leur durabilité

Abstract : Observed over long periods, the effects of the economic constraints on the food consumption are spectacular. In the developed countries, and more recently in the majority of the countries in the world, the increase in the agricultural and food processing productivity allows a large decrease in the cost of the food calories. The positive consequences of this evolution are numerous (i.e. broader accessibility to safer food). But some foreseeable negative consequences hold more and more the attention of the public authorities in many countries. The challenges as regards health (overweight, obesity, chronic diseases) constitute public health issues whose economic consequences should not be underestimated, in particular in the developing countries. The environmental challenges arrive now on the diary of the public authorities insofar as the question of the sustainability of the food system is more and more often raised. This article aims at recalling some significant features of the long term evolutions of food consumption and at specifying main issues raised by the search for an evolution of these modes of consumption targeting a reduction of the impacts on the greenhouse gas emissions.
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  • HAL Id : hal-02650298, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 47176



Pierre P. Combris, Louis Georges Soler. Consommation alimentaire : tendances de long terme et questions sur leur durabilité. Innovations Agronomiques, INRAE, 2011, 13, pp.149-160. ⟨hal-02650298⟩



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