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Live yeast stability in rabbit digestive tract : Consequences on the caecal ecosystem, digestion, growth and digestive health

Abstract : Live yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae NCYC Sc 47 was added to the diet of weaning rabbits(35d old) to analyse the effects on the caecal ecosystem (biotope and bacterial community),digestion and health status. Two levels of yeast (1 and 10 g/kg feed, group C1 and C10corresponding to 106 and 107 CFU/g DM) were compared to a control group (C0) withoutlive yeast addition. Three groups of 10 young rabbits were used in a first experiment tomeasure digestibility and caecal parameters and to calculate the yeast survival rate in thedigestive tract. Growth performance and health status were studied on 3 further groupsof 40 rabbits (Experiment 2). The live yeast concentration fell slightly after diet pelleting(0.1–0.5 log CFU/g DM), at 70–80◦C. The survival rate of yeast in digestive tract was highand increased from 90 to 97% (P<0.01) with increasing yeast supplementation. Live yeastaddition did not modify the total tract digestibility of nutrients, or the growth performance.Mortality rate between 42 and 56d of age was lower at the highest yeast level (C10: 4 deadon 40; P<0.05) compared to C0 and C1 groups (average 13/40),. The structure of the caecalbacterial community was not modified after 11d of yeast presence in the caecum, while thebacterial diversity tended to be higher (5.0 vs 5.4, P=0.10, for C0 vs [C1+C10]). The redoxpotential of the caecal content increased with yeast addition (−227 vs−251 mV, P<0.05 forC0 vs [C1+C10]), whereas the fermentation pattern and the caecal pH remain unaffected(meanly 5.88).
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02650603
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Submitted on : Friday, May 29, 2020 - 2:22:47 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 4, 2021 - 3:25:55 PM

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Moussa Kimse, Corine Bayourthe, Valérie Monteils, Laurence Fortun-Lamothe, Laurent Cauquil, et al.. Live yeast stability in rabbit digestive tract : Consequences on the caecal ecosystem, digestion, growth and digestive health. Animal Feed Science and Technology, Elsevier Masson, 2012, 173 (3-4), pp.235-243. ⟨10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2012.01.012⟩. ⟨hal-02650603⟩

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