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Journal Articles Journal of Hydrology Year : 2013

Partitioning evapotranspiration - Testing the Craig and Gordon model with field measurements of oxygen isotope ratios of evaporative fluxes

Abstract

Stable oxygen isotopes of water provide a valuable tracer for water movements within ecosystems and are used to estimate the contribution of transpiration to total ecosystem evapotranspiration (ft). We tested the Craig and Gordon equation against continuous field measurements of isotopic composition of evaporation and assessed the impact for partitioning evapotranspiration. Therefore, evaporation (E) and its isotopic signature (d18OE) on bare soil plots, as well as evapotranspiration (ET) and its correspond- ing isotopic composition of (d18OET) of an herbaceous layer was measured with a cavity ring-down spec- trometer connected to a soil chamber on a field site in central Portugal. We quantified the variation in d18OE arising from uncertainties in the determination of environmental input variables to the Craig and Gordon equation: the isotope signature (d18Oe) and the temperature at the evaporating site (Te), and the kinetic fractionation factor (ak). We could hence quantify ft based on measured d18OET, modeled d18OE from observed soil water isotopic composition at the evaporating site (d18Oe), and modeled d18O of transpiration (d18OT) from observed total soil water isotopic composition. Our results demonstrate that predicting d18OE using the Craig and Gordon equation leads to good agree- ment with measured d18OE given that the temperature and 18O isotope profiles of the soil are thoroughly characterized. However, modeled d18OE is highly sensitive to changes in Te and d18Oe as well as ak. This markedly affected the partition results of transpiration and evaporation from the total ET flux: The frac- tion of transpiration (ft) varied strongly using different formulations for ak and assuming steady or non- steady state transpiration. These findings provide a first comparison of laser-based and modeled isotopic compositions of evaporation based on the Craig and Gordon equation under field conditions. This is of special interest for studies using stable isotopes to separate soil evaporation and plant transpiration fluxes and highlights the need for a thorough characterization of the micrometeorological and isotopic constitution of the upper soil layer to locate the evaporating front with a resolution of a few cm soil depths. We also call on a better characterization of the kinetic fractionation factor of soil evaporation.
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Dates and versions

hal-02650741 , version 1 (29-05-2020)

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Maren Dubbert, Matthias Cuntz, Arndt Piayda, Cristina Maguas, Christiane Werner. Partitioning evapotranspiration - Testing the Craig and Gordon model with field measurements of oxygen isotope ratios of evaporative fluxes. Journal of Hydrology, 2013, 496, pp.142-153. ⟨10.1016/j.jhydrol.2013.05.033⟩. ⟨hal-02650741⟩

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