West Nile virus epidemiology and factors triggering change in its distribution in Europe - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Revue Scientifique et Technique- Office International des Epizooties Year : 2012

West Nile virus epidemiology and factors triggering change in its distribution in Europe

Abstract

West Nile virus (WNV) has historically been considered among the least virulent members of the Japanese serogroup complex (family Flaviviridae, genus Flavivirus). The WNV natural cycle involves birds as the main amplifying hosts and several species of mosquito as vectors. Many outbreaks occurred during the past decade, causing severe human encephalitis in the Old World, and the virus has become established in many European countries. Emergence of WNV is difficult to predict and even more difficult to prevent. In this review, the latest information on the epidemiology, transmission dynamics and clinical aspects of WNV is presented, with particular focus on specific factors likely to trigger changes in the distribution of the disease in Europe, such as climate changes and their consequences on the potential vectors of WNV or bird migration routes. The control of some anthropogenic and environmental factors could help prevent extension and re-emergence of WNV epidemics
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Dates and versions

hal-02650976 , version 1 (29-05-2020)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-02650976 , version 1
  • PRODINRA : 189433
  • PUBMED : 23520737
  • WOS : 000208955900009

Cite

Sophie Pradier, Sylvie Lecollinet, Agnès Leblond. West Nile virus epidemiology and factors triggering change in its distribution in Europe. Revue Scientifique et Technique- Office International des Epizooties, 2012, 31 (3), pp.829-844. ⟨hal-02650976⟩
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