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Extractability of water-soluble soil organic matter as monitored by spectroscopic and chromatographic analyses

Abstract : Cold and hot water processes have been intensively used to recover soil organic matter, but the effect of extraction conditions on the composition of the extracts were not well investigated. Our objective was to optimize the extraction conditions (time and temperature) to increase the extracted carbon efficiency while minimizing the possible alteration of water extractable organic matter of soil (WEOM). WEOM were extracted at 20A degrees C, 60A degrees C, or 80A degrees C for 24 h, 10-60 min, and 20 min, respectively. The different processes were compared in terms of pH of suspensions, yield of organic carbon, spectroscopic properties (ultraviolet-visible absorption and fluorescence), and by chromatographic analyses. For extraction at 60A degrees C, the time 30 min was optimal in terms of yield of organic carbon extracted and concentration of absorbing and fluorescent species. The comparison of WEOM 20A degrees C, 24 h; 60A degrees C, 30 min; and 80A degrees C, 20 min highlighted significant differences. The content of total organic carbon, the value of specific ultraviolet absorbance (SUVA(254)), the absorbance ratio at 254 and 365 nm (E (2)/E (3)), and the humification index varied in the order: WEOM (20A degrees C, 24 h) < WEOM (80A degrees C, 20 min) < WEOM (60A degrees C, 30 min). The three WEOM contained common fluorophores associated with simple aromatic structures and/or fulvic-like and common peaks of distinct polarity as detected by ultra performance liquid chromatography. For the soil chosen, extraction at 60A degrees C for 30 min is the best procedure for enrichment in organic chemicals and minimal alteration of the organic matter.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02651979
Déposant : Migration Prodinra <>
Soumis le : vendredi 29 mai 2020 - 18:02:10
Dernière modification le : jeudi 12 novembre 2020 - 16:52:04

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Ezzohra Nkhili, Ghislain Guyot, Nathalie Vassal, Claire Richard. Extractability of water-soluble soil organic matter as monitored by spectroscopic and chromatographic analyses. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Springer Verlag, 2012, 19, pp.2400-2407. ⟨10.1007/s11356-012-0752-0⟩. ⟨hal-02651979⟩

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