Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Characterization of rainbow trout egg quality: A case study using four different breeding protocols, with emphasis on the incidence of embryonic malformations

Abstract : The aim of this study was to set up a methodology to accurately evaluate the effects of various husbandry practices on a fish broodstock based on the developmental potential of the egg. For that purpose, long-short photoperiod manipulations (tested twice, PM1 and PM2 groups), spawning induction by injection of a GnRH analog (SI group), and a 16-day post-ovulatory ageing of eggs (POA group) were used in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Females without any treatment were used as a control group. Survival at eying (E) and yolk-sac resorption (YSR) were recorded and malformations at YSR were monitored according to a detailed typology that included cyclopia, torsion, incomplete YSR, prognathia, and others. Egg weight was also monitored. A deleterious effect of photoperiod manipulation was observed on egg quality in both PM1 and PM2 groups. Incomplete YSR appeared as the predominant malformation while cyclopia type was nearly absent. In the SI group, a limited effect on egg quality was observed in comparison to the other experimental groups, although the percentage of normal alevins at YSR was significantly lower than in the control group. Finally, the most important effects on egg quality were observed in the POA group. The percentage of normal alevins was only 14 +/- 6% (mean +/- 95% confidence interval) while the percentage of malformed embryos reached 49 +/- 11%. The proportion of cyclopia was significantly higher than in the control group. In conclusion, the type of egg quality alteration is extremely dependent on the applied breeding protocols, and the proposed methodology is able to discriminate those experimental conditions even when the impact on egg quality is limited
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02655438
Contributor : Migration Prodinra Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, May 29, 2020 - 10:23:50 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 5, 2021 - 3:55:05 AM

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Alexis Fostier, Julien Bobe. Characterization of rainbow trout egg quality: A case study using four different breeding protocols, with emphasis on the incidence of embryonic malformations. Theriogenology, Elsevier, 2007, 67, pp.786-794. ⟨10.1016/j.theriogenology.2006.10.008⟩. ⟨hal-02655438⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

18