ApoFnr binds as a monomer to promoters regulating the expression of enterotoxin genes of Bacillus cereus - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Bacteriology Year : 2008

ApoFnr binds as a monomer to promoters regulating the expression of enterotoxin genes of Bacillus cereus

Abstract

Bacillus cereus Fnr is a member of the Crp/Fnr (cyclic AMP-binding protein/fumarate nitrate reduction regulatory protein) family of helix-turn-helix transcriptional regulators. It is essential for the expression of hbl and nhe enterotoxin genes independently of the oxygen tension in the environment. We studied aerobic Fnr binding to target sites in promoters regulating the expression of enterotoxin genes. B. cereus Fnr was overexpressed and purified as either a C-terminal His-tagged (FnrHis) fusion protein or an N-terminal fusion protein tagged with the Strep-tag (IBA BioTAGnology) (StrepFnr). Both recombinant Fnr proteins were produced as apoforms (clusterless) and occurred as mixtures of monomers and oligomers in solution. However, apoFnrHis was mainly monomeric, while apoStrepFnr was mainly oligomeric, suggesting that the His-tagged C-terminal extremity may interfere with oligomerization. The oligomeric state of apoStrepFnr was dithiothreitol sensitive, underlining the importance of a disulfide bridge for apoFnr oligomerization. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays showed that monomeric apoFnr, but not oligomeric apoFnr, bound to specific sequences located in the promoter regions of the enterotoxin regulators fnr, resDE, and plcR and the structural genes hbl and nhe. The question of whether apoFnr binding is regulated in vivo by redox-dependent oligomerization is discussed

Dates and versions

hal-02655773 , version 1 (29-05-2020)

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Julia Esbelin, Yves Jouanneau, J. Armengaud, Catherine Duport. ApoFnr binds as a monomer to promoters regulating the expression of enterotoxin genes of Bacillus cereus. Journal of Bacteriology, 2008, 190 (12), pp.4242-4251. ⟨10.1128/JB.00336-08⟩. ⟨hal-02655773⟩
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