ResDE-dependent regulation of enterotoxin gene expression in <em>Bacillus cereus</em>: evidences for multiple modes of binding for ResD and interaction with Fnr - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Bacteriology Year : 2009

ResDE-dependent regulation of enterotoxin gene expression in Bacillus cereus: evidences for multiple modes of binding for ResD and interaction with Fnr

Abstract

In the food-borne pathogen Bacillus cereus F4430/73, the production of major virulence factors hemolysin BL (Hbl) and non-hemolytic enterotoxin (Nhe) is regulated through complex mechanisms. The two-component regulatory system ResDE is involved in the activation of hbl and nhe transcription. Here, the response regulator ResD and the sensor kinase ResE were overexpressed and purified, and autophosphorylation of ResE and transphosphorylation of ResD by ResE were demonstrated in vitro. ResD is mainly monomeric in solution regardless of its phosphorylation state. ResD was shown to interact directly with promoter regions (p) of the enterotoxin regulator genes resDE, fnr and plcR and the enterotoxin structural genes nhe and hbl, but with different affinities. Binding of ResD to pplcR, pnhe and phbl was not dependent on ResD phosphorylation status. In contrast, ResD phosphorylation significantly increased interactions between ResD and presDE and pfnr. Taken together, these results showed that phosphorylation of ResD results in a different target expression pattern. Furthermore, ResD and the redox activator Fnr were found to physically interact and simultaneously bind their target DNAs. We propose that unphosphorylated ResD acts as an anti-activator of Fnr while phosphorylated ResD acts as a co-activator of Fnr. Finally, our findings represent the first molecular evidence for the role of ResDE as a sentinel system capable of sensing redox changes and coordinating a response that modulates B. cereus virulence

Dates and versions

hal-02656876 , version 1 (30-05-2020)

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Julia Esbelin, J. Armengaud, Assia Zigha, Catherine Duport. ResDE-dependent regulation of enterotoxin gene expression in Bacillus cereus: evidences for multiple modes of binding for ResD and interaction with Fnr. Journal of Bacteriology, 2009, 191 (3), pp.4419-4426. ⟨10.1128/JB.00321-09⟩. ⟨hal-02656876⟩
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