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Journal Articles Journal of Applied Polymer Science Year : 2008

Influence of dehydration rate on the vitrification of corn protein


This article deals with the physicochemical mechanisms involved during the desiccation of cereals, to understand the basis of their endosperm structure: vitreous endosperm is compact and flour), endosperm is porous, giving the endosperm its hard and soft textures, respectively. Dehydration of zein (the most abundant protein in the vitreous region of the corn endosperm) was investigated for water contents ranging from similar to 50%, to 10% (wet basis). A system of partial confinement of zein pills was optimized to compare both slow and rapid dehydration on two separate domains of the same sample. Macroscopic observations, porosity analysis, and scanning electron microscopy, showed that either a compact or porous structure is obtained, depending on the dehydration rate. The glass transition temperature (T-g) of zein, which varies from 160 degrees C for dry zein to about 15 degrees C for zein with 25% water content, is mainly, dependent on water content. A state diagram of the! zein/water system, including ice melting, was determined from calorimetric measurements of state and phase temperature changes. The different porous and Compact Structures observed on vitreous zein are discussed in terms of collapse and dehydration rate.

Dates and versions

hal-02659351 , version 1 (30-05-2020)



Marcos Sabino, Ludovic Pauchard, Catherine Allain, Cecile C. Mangavel, Ming Zeng, et al.. Influence of dehydration rate on the vitrification of corn protein. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2008, 110 (1), pp.1-7. ⟨10.1002/app.27374⟩. ⟨hal-02659351⟩
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