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Maturation of the intestinal digestion and of microbial activity in the young rabbit : impact of the dietary fibre : starch ratio

Abstract : The developmental changes of intestinal digestive potential and caecal microbial activity were described in suckling and weaned rabbits according to two feeding programmes. Two groups of thirteen litters were fed from 18 to 42 days old a “High” or a “Medium” NDF:starch ratio diet (resp. 2.7 vs 2.0, groups HL and ML) with similar protein and lipid levels, and from 42 to 70 days old the two groups were fed a “Low” NDF: starch ratio diet (1.7). From 25 to 32 days (weaning), the milk and solid feed intake were 22% and 41% higher in ML group (Pb0.05), and the mortality by diarrhoea was 4 units lower (Pb0.01). The whole tract digestive efficiency increased by 10% before weaning, and remained steady (organic matter) or decreased (lipids, protein) after weaning. Energy digestibility was 0.623 and 0.686 for High and Medium diets respectively. From 25 to 42 days, total enzymatic activity in intestinal content increased for chymotrypsin (5-fold, Pb0.001), lipase (10-fold, Pb0.001), amylase (17-fold, Pb0.01) and maltase (11-fold, Pb0.001), while trypsin doubled after weaning. The feeding programme only affected the amylase and maltase activities, that were higher in HL group (Pb0.05). The volatile fatty acids concentration in the caecum was not significantly different among the groups, but it increased by 44% 10 days after weaning. The bacterial fibrolytic enzymes, increased by 30% after weaning and were similar among the two groups. The study revealed that the intestinal digestive maturation and the caecal microbial activity of the rabbit evolved markedly between 3 and 5 weeks of age, and was weakly affected when the NDF:starch ratio decreased from 2.7 to 2.0.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02659426
Déposant : Migration Prodinra <>
Soumis le : samedi 30 mai 2020 - 14:06:05
Dernière modification le : mercredi 14 octobre 2020 - 04:08:18

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Thierry Gidenne, Laurence Debray, Laurence Fortun-Lamothe, Isabelle Le Huërou-Luron. Maturation of the intestinal digestion and of microbial activity in the young rabbit : impact of the dietary fibre : starch ratio. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology, Elsevier, 2007, 148, pp.834-844. ⟨10.1016/j.cbpa.2007.08.025⟩. ⟨hal-02659426⟩

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