Grape berry skin features related to ontogenic resistance to Botrytis cinerea - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles European Journal of Plant Pathology Year : 2009

Grape berry skin features related to ontogenic resistance to Botrytis cinerea

Abstract

This work investigated the structural and biochemical changes during grape berry development which account potentially for the onset and increase in susceptibility to Botrytis cinerea. Using the cv. Sauvignon blanc, we quantified at seven developmental growth stages from herbaceous to over-mature berries: (1) fruit ontogenic resistance using three strains (II-transposa), (2) the morphological and maturity fruit characteristics and (3) preformed biochemical compounds located in the berry skin. From the mid-colour change stage onwards, susceptibility of unwounded fruit increased sigmoidally in both rot and sporulation severities at the berry surface. A principal component analysis identified a very close connection between fruit susceptibility and the level of fruit maturity. Berry susceptibility was significantly and positively correlated with the phenolic compounds in the skin cell walls and negatively correlated with the total tannin content in the skin and with water activity (Aw) at the fruit surface. On the berry, Aw decreased from 0.94 at bunch closure to 0.89 at berry maturity, with a relatively low value (0.90) at the stage of mid-colour change. Using artificial media, different Aw levels led to significant differences in mycelial growth (Aw ≤0.95 resulted in the lowest growth rate ≤0.34 mm day−1). Thus, besides the level of fruit maturity, both water activity on the fruit and the total tannin content in the skin may affect fungal growth and berry colonisation. The potential of these variables for use as indicators of grape berry susceptibility as well as associated mechanisms for the development of disease are discussed.

Domains

Vegetal Biology

Dates and versions

hal-02664390 , version 1 (31-05-2020)

Identifiers

Cite

Christelle Deytieux- Belleau, Laurence Gény, Jean Roudet, Valérie Mayet, Bernard Doneche, et al.. Grape berry skin features related to ontogenic resistance to Botrytis cinerea. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 2009, 125 (4), pp.551-563. ⟨10.1007/s10658-009-9503-6⟩. ⟨hal-02664390⟩

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