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Relationships between molecular structure and perceived odor quality of ligands for a human olfactory receptor

Abstract : Perception of thousands of odors by a few hundreds of olfactory receptors (ORs) results from a combinatorial coding, in which one OR recognizes multiple odorants and an odorant is recognized by a specific group of ORs. Moreover, odorants could act both as agonists or antagonists depending on the OR. This dual agonist-antagonist combinatorial coding is in good agreement with behavioral and psychophysical observations of mixture perception. We previously described the odorant repertoire of a human OR, OR1G1, identifying both agonists and antagonists. In this paper, we performed a 3D-quantitative structure-activity relationship (3D-QSAR) study of these ligands. We obtained a double-alignment model explaining previously reported experimental activities and permitting to predict novel agonists and antagonists for OR1G1. These model predictions were experimentally validated. Thereafter, we evaluated the statistical link between OR1G1 response to odorants, 3D-QSAR categorization of OR1G1 ligands, and their olfactory description. We demonstrated that OR1G1 recognizes a group of odorants that share both 3D structural and perceptual qualities. We hypothesized that OR1G1 contributes to the coding of waxy, fatty, and rose odors in humans.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02668044
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Submitted on : Sunday, May 31, 2020 - 11:58:13 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 12, 2021 - 2:50:03 PM

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Guenhaël Sanz, Thierry Thomas-Danguin, El Hassan Hamdani, Claire Le Poupon, Loïc Briand, et al.. Relationships between molecular structure and perceived odor quality of ligands for a human olfactory receptor. Chemical Senses, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2008, 33 (7), pp.639-653. ⟨10.1093/chemse/bjn032⟩. ⟨hal-02668044⟩

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