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Genetic analysis of fenhexamid-resistant field isolates of the phytopathogenic fungus Botrytis cinerea

Abstract : The hydroxyanilide fenhexamid, one of the latest antibotrytis fungicides, active especially against leotiomycete plant-pathogenic fungi, inhibits 3-ketoreductase of the C-4-demethylation enzyme complex during ergosterol biosynthesis. We isolated Botrytis cinerea strains resistant to various levels of fenhexamid from French and German vineyards. The sequence of the gene encoding 3-ketoreductase, erg27, varied according to levels of resistance. Highly resistant isolates, termed HydR3_, all presented a modification of the phenylalanine at the C terminus of the putative transmembrane domain at position 412, either to serine (85% of the isolates), to isoleucine (11.5% of the isolates), or to valine (3.5% of the isolates). The introduction of the erg27HydR3_allele into a fenhexamid-sensitive strain by means of a replicative plasmid conferred fenhexamid resistance on the resulting transformants, showing that the mutations at position 412 are responsible for fenhexamid resistance. Weakly to moderately resistant isolates, termed HydR3_, showed different point mutations between the strains in the sequenced regions of the erg27 gene, corresponding to amino acid changes between positions 195 and 400 of the protein. The erg27HydR3_alleles on the replicative vector introduced into a sensitive strain did not confer resistance to fenhexamid. Genetic crosses between HydR3_ and sensitive strains showed strict correlation between the sequenced mutation in the erg27 gene and the resistance phenotypes, suggesting that these mutations are linked to fenhexamid resistance. The HydR3 mutations possibly modify the affinity of the 3-ketoreductase enzyme for its specific inhibitor, fenhexamid.
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Sabine, Helma Fillinger-David, Pierre Leroux, Christiane Auclair, Christian Barreau, Charbel Al Hajj, et al.. Genetic analysis of fenhexamid-resistant field isolates of the phytopathogenic fungus Botrytis cinerea. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, American Society for Microbiology, 2008, 52 (11), pp.3933-3940. ⟨10.1128/AAC.00615-08⟩. ⟨hal-02669192⟩



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