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Effects of dietary coconut oil on apolipoprotein B synthesis and VLDL secretion by calf liver slices

Abstract : Incorporation of coconut oil (CO) rich in lauric acid into the milk diet induces a lipid infiltration of the liver (steatosis) in 1-month-old calves. Among possible steps involved in diet-induced liver steatosis, the ability of the calf liver to synthesize apolipoprotein (Apo) B and to secrete it as part of VLDL particles was investigated. Liver samples were taken from calves fed for 17 d on a conventional milk replacer containing CO (n 5) and beef tallow (BT, n 4) as reference. Samples were cut into slices 0.5 mm thick and subsequently incubated for 12 h in a medium containing a [S-35]methionine-[S-35]cysteine mix and 0.8 mm-sodium laurate or oleate, the major fatty acids of CO and BT diets respectively. Concentrations of total [S-35]proteins, [S-35]albumin and [S-35]ApoB in liver cells were 2-fold lower (P=0.08, 0.0004 and 0.03 respectively) in CO- than in BT-fed calves. Although the total amount of proteins secreted (including albumin) was similar in both groups of calves, the amount of VLDL-[S-35]Apo secreted was 2-fold lower (P=0.004) in CO- than in BT-fed calves. These results suggest that a CO-enriched milk diet induces in preruminant calves a lipid infiltration of the liver by decreasing ApoB synthesis, leading to a reduction in secretion of VLDL particles.
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Dominique Gruffat, Benoit Graulet, D. Durand, M.E. Samson-Bouma, Dominique Bauchart. Effects of dietary coconut oil on apolipoprotein B synthesis and VLDL secretion by calf liver slices. British Journal of Nutrition, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2001, 86 (1), pp.13-19. ⟨10.1079/BJN2001361⟩. ⟨hal-02675185⟩

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