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Both thyroid hormone receptor (TR)beta1 and TRbeta2 isoforms contribute to the regulation of hypothalamic Thyrotropin-releasing hormone

Abstract : Thyroid hormones (TH) are essential regulators of vertebrate development and metabolism. Central mechanisms governing their production have evolved, with the beta-TH receptor (TRbeta) playing a key regulatory role in the negative feedback effects of circulating TH levels on production of hypothalamic TRH and hypophyseal TSH. Both TRbeta-isoforms (TRbeta1 and TRbeta2) are expressed in the hypothalamus and pituitary. However, their respective roles in TH-dependent transcriptional regulation of TRH are undefined. We confirmed the preferential role of TRbeta vs. TRalpha isoforms in TRH regulation in wild-type mice in vivo by using the TRbeta preferential agonist GC-1. We next determined the effects of tissue-specific rescue of TRbeta1 and TRbeta2 isoforms by somatic gene transfer in hypothalami of TRbeta null (TRbeta(-/-)) mice. TH-dependent TRH transcriptional repression was impaired in TRbeta(-/-) mice, but was restored by cotransfection of either TRbeta1 or TRbeta2 into the hypothalamus. TRbeta1, but not TRbeta2, displayed a role in ligand-independent activation. In situ hybridization was used to examine endogenous TRH expression in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus of TRbeta(-/-) or TRalpha null (TRalpha(o/o)) mice under different thyroid states. In contrast to published data on TRbeta2(-/-) mice, we found that both ligand-independent TRH activation and ligand-dependent TRH repression were severely impaired in TRbeta(-/-) mice. This study thus provides functional in vivo data showing that both TRbeta1 and TRbeta2 isoforms have specific roles in regulating TRH transcription.
Keywords : TRH TSH
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02675694
Contributor : Migration Prodinra <>
Submitted on : Sunday, May 31, 2020 - 5:54:15 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 7, 2021 - 3:32:13 PM

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S.M. Dupré, H. Guissouma, Frederic Flamant, I. Seugnet, T.S. Scanlan, et al.. Both thyroid hormone receptor (TR)beta1 and TRbeta2 isoforms contribute to the regulation of hypothalamic Thyrotropin-releasing hormone. Endocrinology, Endocrine Society, 2004, 145 (5), pp.2337-2345. ⟨10.1210/en.2003-1209⟩. ⟨hal-02675694⟩

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