Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Phytochelatin synthase, a dipeptidyltransferase that undergoes multisite acylation with γ-glutamylcysteine during catalysis. Stoichiometric and site-directed mutagenic analysis of arabidopsis thaliana PCS1-catalyzed phytochelatin synthesis

Abstract : Phytochelatin (PC) synthase has been assumed to be a γ-glutamylcysteine dipeptidyl transpeptidase (EC 2.3.2.15) and, more recently, as exemplified by analyses of the immunopurified recombinant enzyme from Arabidopsis thaliana (AtPCS1-FLAG), has been shown to catalyze a PC synthetic reaction with kinetics that approximates a bisubstrate-substituted enzyme mechanism in which millimolar concentrations of free GSH and micromolar concentrations of heavy metal·GSH thiolates (e.g. cadmium·GS2) or millimolar concentrations of S-alkylglutathiones serve as cosubstrates. Here, we show, by direct analyses of the stoichiometry of AtPCS1-FLAG-catalyzed PC synthesis, the kinetics and stoichiometry of acylation of the enzyme and release of free glycine from γ-Glu-Cys donors, and the effects of the Cys-to-Ser or -Ala and Ser-to-Ala substitution of conserved residues in the catalytic N-terminal half of the enzyme, that PC synthase is indeed a dipeptidyltransferase that undergoes γ-Glu-Cys acylation at two sites during catalysis, one of which, in accord with a cysteine protease model, likely corresponds to or is at least tightly coupled with Cys56. The identity of the second site of enzyme modification remains to be determined, but it is distinguishable from the first Cys56-dependent site, which is amenable to γ-Glu-Cys acylation by free GSH, because its acylation not only depends on the provision of Cd2+ or GSH with a blocked, S-alkylated thiol group, but is also necessary for net PC synthesis. We conclude that des-Gly-PCs are not generated as an immediate by-product, but rather that the enzyme catalyzes a dipeptidyl transfer reaction in which some of the energy liberated upon cleavage of the Cys–Gly bonds of the γ-Glu-Cys donors in the first phase of the catalytic cycle is conserved through the formation of a two site-substituted γ-Glu-Cys acyl-enzyme intermediate whose hydrolysis provides the energy required for the formation of the new peptide bond required for the extension of PC chain length by one γ-Glu-Cys repeat per catalytic cycle.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

Cited literature [40 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02675769
Contributor : Migration ProdInra Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Sunday, May 31, 2020 - 5:59:46 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:01:51 AM

File

75428_20101108051055177_1.pdf
Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Olena K. Vatamaniuk, Stéphane Mari, Albert Lang, Sreekanth Chalasani, Ladomyra O. Demkiv, et al.. Phytochelatin synthase, a dipeptidyltransferase that undergoes multisite acylation with γ-glutamylcysteine during catalysis. Stoichiometric and site-directed mutagenic analysis of arabidopsis thaliana PCS1-catalyzed phytochelatin synthesis. Journal of Biological Chemistry, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2004, 279 (21), pp.22449-22460. ⟨10.1074/jbc.M313142200⟩. ⟨hal-02675769⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

2

Files downloads

22