Effect of sperm cryopreservation on sperm DNA stability and progeny development in Rainbow trout - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Molecular Reproduction and Development Year : 2001

Effect of sperm cryopreservation on sperm DNA stability and progeny development in Rainbow trout

Abstract

This study was carried out to test how sperm cryopreservation affected nuclear DNA stability and whether progeny development was modified when eggs were fertilized with cryopreserved spermatozoa. The “comet assay” (alkaline single-cell gel electrophoresis assay) was adapted to trout spermatozoa to estimate DNA stability as measured by alkali-induced DNA strand break formation. Because trout eggs develop in water after fertilization (oviparous species) and that eggshell is easy to clear up after fixative treatment, progeny development was assessed from the blastodisc flattening stage of the embryos to the first feeding stage of the hatched fries by direct observation. All parameters under study were analyzed on each sperm and comparisons between parameters were made using paired data. Freeze–thawing of sperm slightly but significantly increased the percentage of nuclei showing altered DNA after comet assay. This increase was correlated to the decrease in fertilization rates of sperm, but the absolute percentage of altered nuclei was not predictive of the absolute fertilization ability of sperm. Assessment of progeny development showed that survival rate and abnormality rate obtained after fertilization with cryopreserved sperm were not different from those obtained with fresh sperm. It is concluded that trout sperm cryopreservation only slightly affected sperm DNA stability and that the use of cryopreserved spermatozoa did not impair offspring survival and quality.
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Dates and versions

hal-02678433 , version 1 (31-05-2020)

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Catherine Labbé, A. Martoriati, Alain Devaux, Gérard Maisse. Effect of sperm cryopreservation on sperm DNA stability and progeny development in Rainbow trout. Molecular Reproduction and Development, 2001, 60, pp.397-404. ⟨10.1002/mrd.1102⟩. ⟨hal-02678433⟩
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