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The glycoprotein of a fish rhabdovirus profiles the virus-specific T-cell repertoire in rainbow trout

Abstract : T-cell responses to viruses are still poorly investigated in lower vertebrates. In rainbow trout, a specific clonal expansion of T cells in response to infection with viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV) was recently identified. Expanded T-cell clones expressed a unique 8 aa Vb4-Jb1 junction (SSGDSYSE) in different individuals, reminiscent of a typical public response. To get further insight into the nature of this response the modifications of the T-cell repertoire following immunization with plasmid expressing the VHSV external glycoprotein (G), which is the only protein involved in protective immunity, was analysed. After G-based DNA immunization, CDR3-length spectratypes were skewed for several Vb-Jb combinations, including Vb4-Jb1. In Vb4-Jb1, biases consisted of 6 and 8 aa junctions that were detected from day 52, and were still present 3 months after DNA immunization. Sequence analysis of the Vb4-Jb1 junctions showed that the 8 aa junction (SSGDSYSE) was clearly expanded, indicating that viral G protein was probably the target of the anti-VHSV public response. Additional 6 and 8 aa Vb4-Jb1 junctions were also expanded in G-DNA-vaccinated fish, showing that significant clonotypic diversity was selected in response to the plasmid-delivered G protein. This higher clonotypic diversity may be related to the demonstrated higher efficiency of G-based DNA vaccines over whole virus immunization. The use of infectious hematopietic necrosis virus (IHNV) recombinant viruses, expressing the VHSV G protein, further substantiated the VHSV G-protein specificity of the 8 aa Vb4-Jb1 response and designated the 6 aa Vb4-Jb1 response as potentially directed to a T-cell epitope common to VHSV and IHNV.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02678719
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Submitted on : Sunday, May 31, 2020 - 8:46:54 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 5, 2022 - 11:38:02 AM

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Pierre Boudinot, David Bernard, Samira Boubekeur, Marie Isabelle Thoulouze, Michel Bremont, et al.. The glycoprotein of a fish rhabdovirus profiles the virus-specific T-cell repertoire in rainbow trout. Journal of General Virology, Microbiology Society, 2004, 85 (10), pp.3099-3108. ⟨10.1099/vir.0.80135-0⟩. ⟨hal-02678719⟩

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