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Calpain 1–titin interactions concentrate calpain 1 in the Z-band edges and in the N2-line region within the skeletal myofibril

Abstract : Calpain 1, a ubiquitous calcium-dependent intracellular protease, was recently found in a tight association with myofibrils in skeletal muscle tissue [Delgado EF, Geesink GH, Marchello JA, Goll DE & Koohmaraie M (2001) J Anim Sci79, 2097-2107). Our immunofluorescence and immunoelectron microscopy investigations restrain the protease location at the periphery of the Z-band and at the midpoint of the I-band. Furthermore, calpain 1 is found to localize in myofibril fractures, described as proteolysis sites, in postmortem bovine skeletal red muscles, near the calcium deposits located at the N1 and N2 level. This in situ localization of calpain 1 is substantiated by binding assays with two titin regions covering the I-band region: a native fragment of 150 kDa (identified by mass spectrometry) that includes the N-terminal Z8-I5 region and the N1-line region of titin, and an 800 kDa fragment external to the N1 line that bears the PEVK/N2 region. These two titin fragments are shown to tightly bind calpain 1 in the presence of CaCl2 and E64, a calpain inhibitor. In the absence of E64, they are cleaved by calpain 1. We conclude that titin affords binding sites to calpain 1, which concentrates the protease in the regions restrained by the Z-band edge and the N1-line as well as at the N2-line level, two sarcomeric regions where early postmortem proteolysis is detected.
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Submitted on : Sunday, May 31, 2020 - 10:51:35 PM
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Fabrice Raynaud, Eric Fernandez, Gerald Coulis, Laurent Aubry, Xavier Vignon, et al.. Calpain 1–titin interactions concentrate calpain 1 in the Z-band edges and in the N2-line region within the skeletal myofibril. FEBS Journal, Wiley, 2005, 272 (10), pp.2578-2590. ⟨hal-02680943⟩

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