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L'implication des éleveurs de bovins-viande dans les filières de qualité correspond-elle à des conduites d'élevage spécifiques ?

Abstract : We investigated the management and marketing practices for females and products in 21 Charolais farms specializing in beef production. Oar aim was to verify the assumption that some farmers adjust their system so as to maximize the number of animals sold in the quality meat sector as against other farmers having different priorities (e.g. simplifying their management). Based on enquiries in four producer groups, we formed two samples of out of these two farmer categories. Three main results were derived from the study. 1) For the producer groups, the chief discriminating factor between the two samples is the number and proportion of animals transiting through their groups, and not the total number of animals sold by the farmers in the quality meat sector. 2) The number of animals sold in the quality meat sector does not adequately reflect the capacity of farmers to produce animals meeting the technical specifications of the sector, as a great part of the animals are marketed through other channels, in particular directly via independent butchers. 3) The farmers most implicated in the quality meat sector do not necessarily adopt specific management practices, in particular more meticulous, more individual-focused management than others. But these farmers delegate far more extensively the marketing function to the producer groups, even though this may involve lower valorisation of each individual animal. Based on these results we propose and discuss a new classification of farmers combining their practices and their implication in the quality meat sector. With 5 distinct groups of farmers, this classification is more complex than the one drawn up in oar initial assumption.
Mots-clés : PRATIQUES D'ELEVAGE
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Stéphane Ingrand, I. Carrasco, J. Devun, J.M. Laroche, Benoit Dedieu. L'implication des éleveurs de bovins-viande dans les filières de qualité correspond-elle à des conduites d'élevage spécifiques ?. Productions animales, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, 2001, 14 (2), pp.105-118. ⟨hal-02682466⟩

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