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Estimation des paramètres génétiques des caractères de croissance, de carcasse et de qualité de la viande dans les races Large White et Landrace français par la méthode du maximum de vraisemblance restreinte appliquée à un modèle animal multicaractère.

Abstract : Genetic parameters of 7 traits measured in central test stations - average daily gain (ADG1), feed conversion ratio (FCR) and backfat thickness (ABT) measured on candidates for selection, and average daily gain (ADG2), dressing percentage (DP), estimated carcass lean content (ECLC) and meat quality index (MQI) measured in slaughtered relatives - were estimated for the Large White (LW) and French Landrace (LR) breeds using a derivative free restricted maximum likelihood (DF-REML) procedure applied to a multiple trait individual animal model. The data consisted of 2 sets of records (3 671 and 3 630 candidates, 3 039 and 2 695 slaughtered animals in, respectively, LW and LR breeds) collected at 3 different stations from 1985-1990 (LW) or 1980-1990 (LR). The models included additive genetic value, common environment of birth litter and residual random effects, a fixed year x station x batch or year x station x slaughter date effect and, for traits measured in slaughtered animals, a fixed sex effect and a covariable (weight at the beginning or at the end of the test period). Heritabilities of ADG1, ABT, FCR, ADG2, DP, ECLC and MQI were respectively 0.30, 0.64, 0.22, 0.52, 0.39, 0.60, 0.33 in the LW and 0.34, 0.56, 0.25, 0.46, 0.31, 0.68, 0.23 in the LR breed. Common litter effects ranged from 5% (ABT in LW breed) to 16% (ADG2 in LR breed) of phenotypic variance. Growth traits and FCR exhibited favourable genetic correlations, but were unfavourably correlated to DP and carcass lean content. MQI also showed unfavourable though generally low genetic correlations with all the other traits. These antagonisms were apparent in both breeds, but tended to be larger in the LW than in the LR breed.
Mots-clés : GENETIQUE
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  • HAL Id : hal-02700795, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 118765

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Alain Ducos, Jean Pierre Bidanel, Vincent Ducrocq, Didier Boichard, Eildert Groeneveld. Estimation des paramètres génétiques des caractères de croissance, de carcasse et de qualité de la viande dans les races Large White et Landrace français par la méthode du maximum de vraisemblance restreinte appliquée à un modèle animal multicaractère.. Genetics Selection Evolution, BioMed Central, 1993, 25 (5), pp.475-493. ⟨hal-02700795⟩

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