Ovine mononuclear phagocytes in situ: identification by monoclonal antibodies and involvement in experimental pyogranulomas - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Leukocyte Biology Year : 1992

Ovine mononuclear phagocytes in situ: identification by monoclonal antibodies and involvement in experimental pyogranulomas

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Abstract

In order to characterize in situ the macrophages present in experimental pyogranulomas induced in lambs with Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis, a set of monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) was produced following immunization of BALB/c mice with alveolar macrophages from healthy sheep. Three MAbs were retained after two steps of screening using alveolar macrophages, peripheral blood lymphocytes, and polymorphonuclear leukocytes as target cells. Their reactivity was tested not only on macrophages in pyogranulomas but also on sections of various organs in steady-state conditions. One MAb, termed OM1, recognized the monocytes and the majority of cells of the mononuclear phagocyte system in lymphoid and nonlymphoid organs. The two other MAbs, OM2 and OM3, reacted with a subpopulation of alveolar macrophages and with other cell types in tissues, in particular with endothelial cells for the MAb OM2. On sections of experimental pyogranulomas that developed in lymph nodes draining the C. pseudotuberculosis-injected sites, MAb OM1 reacted with all the macrophages distributed in a palisade surrounding the necrotic center of the lesion from day 6 to day 28 postinoculation. The two other MAbs, OM2 and OM3, enabled two types of granulomas to be distinguished: one type was characterized by a large number of epithelioid cells stained by OM2; and the other was characterized by a few OM2-positive macrophages, whereas the OM3-positive cells were more numerous. These results show that macrophages are predominant cells in pyogranulomas and suggest two different histological patterns in the evolution of pyogranulomas induced by C. pseudotuberculosis, according to the immunological status of the host.
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hal-02703925 , version 1 (05-07-2022)

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Attribution - NonCommercial - CC BY 4.0

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Michel Pepin, Dominique Cannella, Jean-Jacques Fontaine, Jean-Christophe Pittet, Alain Le Pape. Ovine mononuclear phagocytes in situ: identification by monoclonal antibodies and involvement in experimental pyogranulomas. Journal of Leukocyte Biology, 1992, 51, pp.188-198. ⟨10.1002/jlb.51.2.188⟩. ⟨hal-02703925⟩
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