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Development of a protein binding assay for teleost insulin like growth factor (IGF)-like : relationships between growth hormone (GH) and IGF-like in the blood of rainbow trout

Abstract : Using rainbow trout plasma protein (IGF-BP) which specifically binds human insulin-like growth factor (IGF) (Niu and Le Bail 1993), we have developed an assay to measure plasma IGF-like levels in different teleost species. Before the assay and to prevent interference by IGF-BP, IGF-like was extracted from all samples, using SP Sephadex C-25 in acidic conditions. After this treatment, contamination of the IGF fraction by IGF-BP which was estimated by binding assay, was approximately 5%, and was not detectable by western ligand blot.Human IGF-I was used as standard and labelled hormone. Sensitivity of the assay was 0.15-0.40 ng/ml (ED90) and ED50 was 1-3 ng/ml. hIGF-II crossreaction was partial and no significant displacement was observed with Insulin from different species or with other hormones. Inhibition curves were obtained with plasma IGF fractions (but not with tissue extracts) from teleost and mammals and are parallel to the standard curve. These results suggest that the protein binding assay can quantify an IGF-like factor in the plasma of teleost and that the binding sites of IGF are well conserved during vertebrate evolution.Using this IGF binding assay, IGF-like was measured in parallel with growth hormone (GH) in plasma from young rainbow trout killed every 1.5h throughout one day. The daily profiles for both hormones, which appear pulsatile, are similar. A significant correlation was observed between GH levels and IGF-like levels with a 1.5h delay. Analogous observations were obtained in individual catheterized adult rainbow trout. Although plasma GH levels differ greatly between fish, less variability is found with IGF-like. In a third experiment, rainbow trout were starved or submitted to bovine GH treatment for four weeks. Starved fish, in which plasma GH levels increased, had plasma IGF-like level significantly lower than in fed fish. In bGH injected fish, plasma IGF-like level was significantly higher than in non-injected fish. These results suggest that, as in mammals, IGF-like secretion depends on plasma GH level and could be modulated by the nutritional status of fish.
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P.D. Niu, J. Perez-Sanchez, Pierre-Yves Le Bail. Development of a protein binding assay for teleost insulin like growth factor (IGF)-like : relationships between growth hormone (GH) and IGF-like in the blood of rainbow trout. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, Springer Verlag, 1993, 11 (1-6), pp.381-391. ⟨10.1007/BF00004588⟩. ⟨hal-02715920⟩

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