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Peptides co-released with luteinizing hormone by perifused pituitary cell aggregates

Abstract : The proteins co-released with gonadotropins were analyzed using perifusion of pituitary cell aggregates from 14-day-old female rats, after a pre-labeling period with [35S]methionine. Radioimmunoassays of hormones and electrophoretic analysis were performed on each 4 min effluent. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) pulses increased significantly (P less than 0.01) the release of several proteins (Mr range from 140,000 to 28,000). The main stimulation appeared for -1, a 87 kDa species, previously characterized as gonadotrope polypeptide 87 (GP87) in monolayer cultures and identified as a secretogranin II (SgII) form; -2, a second species of 80 kDa designated as B2. Secretory patterns of radiolabeled GP87 and B2 paralleled the luteinizing hormone (LH) ones. The release of these species was -1, GnRH dose dependent; -2, monophasic for short pulses but complex when the duration of GnRH pulses increased to 16 min, suggesting different pools of GP87 and B2 as for LH; -3, induced by thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH). A slight output was also elicited by corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH), but this release was partly impaired in the presence of a potent anti-GnRH ([Ac-D-(2)-NAL1,pF-D-Phe2,D-Trp3,D-Arg6]-LAF) suggesting a non-specific effect of these two factors. GP87/SgII thus appeared mainly associated with the release of hormonal glycoproteins. In conclusion, perifusion of pituitary cell aggregates allows a precise minute-to-minute kinetic analysis of the various proteins co-released with hormones. The similar timing in output of LH, GP87 and B2 suggests that these three proteins co-exist in the same secretory granules inside gonadotropes.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 2, 2020 - 3:11:41 AM
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  • HAL Id : hal-02727494, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 434656
  • PUBMED : 3145894



B. Sion, Eric Chanat, J. Duval, M. L. Thieulant. Peptides co-released with luteinizing hormone by perifused pituitary cell aggregates. Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, Elsevier, 1988, 60 (2-3), pp.151-161. ⟨hal-02727494⟩



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