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Protected Designation of Origin and spatial justice Insights from Ossau-Iraty (French Pyrenees) and Brocciu (Corsica Island)

Abstract : Geographical indications have emerged as a solution to overcome the "handicaps" generated by the under-optimal localization of agricultural activities. In such situations, actors involved ought to make choices that should be collectively beneficial. However, the PDO areas often cover a heterogeneous territory with plains, hills and mountains. How do stake-holders deal with this heterogeneity? To address this question, we mobilized two French cases of sheep cheese under protected designation of Origin (PDO), Ossau-Iraty (French Pyrénées) and Brocciu (Corsica). The two areas concerning these products originate from strongly heterogeneous spaces, from plains to high mountains. Our goal is to identify choices that favor mountains and hills equitably. Our results show that the lack of product specification leads to poor milk specification based upon conventional criteria of performance: the most productive farms, located in the plains, are clearly favored. It is particularly visible in Corsica, where traditional land use practices are disqualified and induce a universalist model of grass culture. This reinforces a process that has been ongoing for many years: the contraction of the productive space in mechanized areas and abandonment of the mountainous areas. However, it is possible to reverse this trend within a PDO, as demonstrated by the Ossau-Iraty case: actors build a set of rules, establishing a new balance between mountains and hills, by setting productivity limits, implementing feeding regulation, and the requalification of grassland resources as well as identifying cheeses originating from higher altitudes (mention : "estives"). They are, moreover, building a new device for stabilization of these two spaces: mountain-plain complementarity, allowing long-term forage autonomy of the area. Therefore, PDOs are not just potential tools for territorial development, the way they are designed may also lead to more spatial justice as a main contribution to sustainable agricultural and rural development.
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  • HAL Id : hal-02734415, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 481932



Morgane Millet, François Casabianca. Protected Designation of Origin and spatial justice Insights from Ossau-Iraty (French Pyrenees) and Brocciu (Corsica Island). 13. European IFSA Symposium. Farming systems: facing uncertainties and enhancing opportunities, International Farming Systems Association (IFSA). AUT., Jul 2018, Chania, Greece. ⟨hal-02734415⟩



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