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Microbiota approach: strategies to predict and prevent Salmonella infections in chicken

Abstract : Salmonellosis is one of the most important zoonosis worldwide resulting in a significant loss to agrifood industry as well as a substantial burden on the healthcare system. Depending of the hosts and the serotypes, Salmonella induce a wide spectrum of diseases among which typhoid fevers, asymptomatic infections and gastroenteritis. Poultry, which are the main source of human contamination, are mainly asymptomatic carriers. This asymptomatic Salmonella carrier state is thus a major issue for the European authority of food safety (EFSA) and the European center of prevention and control of the diseases (ECDC). Numerous strategies have been developed to fight Salmonella infections leading to a decrease or at least a stabilisation of the human cases. To go further, novel approaches must be developed in particular in response to the increase and spread of antimicrobial resistance. This article describes the current and future strategies used to fight Salmonella infection especially those related to the chicken gut microbiota. We finally address the new avenues opened by studies on host-microbiota-pathogen relationships.
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  • HAL Id : hal-02738417, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 435579

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Philippe Velge, Florent Kempf, Pierrette Menanteau, Catherine Beaumont, Christine Leterrier, et al.. Microbiota approach: strategies to predict and prevent Salmonella infections in chicken. Carrefours de l'Innovation Agronomique (CIAG), Jun 2018, Tours, France. ⟨hal-02738417⟩

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