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Combination of genetic resistance and management of field borders: towards an effective and sustainable control of Aphis gossypii outbreaks and virus epidemics in cantaloupe melon crops

Abstract : Aphis gossypii is a major pest of cantaloupe melon crops, causing direct damage (sap uptake) and indirect damage (virus transmission). The cantaloupe gene Vat confers resistance to colonization by A. gossypii and resistance to the non-persistent viruses (CMV, WMV, etc) carried by A. gossypii. lt is however ineffective in blocking the transmission of viruses carried by other aphid species and its use is thus generally coupled with aphicide treatments to limit virus transmission by non-colonizing aphids. Moreover, due to its intraspecific variability, A. gossypii can adapt to various selective pressures (host plants, insecticides); this adaptation ability enhances the risk of resistance breakdown. ln France, cantaloupe protection faces a double challenge: to reinforce the effectiveness of Vat in a context of reducing pesticide use, and ensure the sustainability of Vat in a context of increasing Vat deployment. The hypothesis tested in this project is that an appropriate management of field borders can contribute to regulating the populations of aphids and/or their virus load, thereby reducing the risks of virus epidemies and resistance breakdown. lndeed, literature suggests that flower strips can participate in pest biological control by favoring natural enemies (predators and parasitoids), and strips of non host plants can protect crops from non-persistent viruses by allowing aphids to probe on healthy plants and thus to lose their virus load before reaching the crops. An experimental field approach was initiated to compare three types of field border management (bare soil, grass strip and flower strip) on the effectiveness and sustainability of Vat.
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Poster communications
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02749673
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 3, 2020 - 3:47:48 PM
Last modification on : Friday, February 5, 2021 - 4:10:27 AM
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2013 ISA Beijing abstract Scho...
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  • HAL Id : hal-02749673, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 207976

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Alexandra Schoeny, Patrick Gognalons, Nathalie Boissot, Pascale Mistral, Virginie Chareyron, et al.. Combination of genetic resistance and management of field borders: towards an effective and sustainable control of Aphis gossypii outbreaks and virus epidemics in cantaloupe melon crops. 9. International Symposium on Aphids (9ISA 2013), Jun 2013, Pékin, China. 2013, 9ISA Program & Abstracts book. ⟨hal-02749673⟩

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