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Identification of contrasted phenotypes in the bovine from repeated in vivo and in vitro embryo production following superovulation

Abstract : This study was initiated to evaluate maternal influence on in vivo and in vitro bovine embryo production and identify animals with contrasted phenotypes for reproductive parameters. Nine Montbéliard cows raised on the same farm and with various genetic origins were included in the study. In vivo-derived embryos were collected nonsurgically from superovulated cows on day 7 after AI (34 collections). Immature oocytes were collected by ovum pickup from the same (superovulated) cows (36 sessions) then matured, fertilized (day 0) with the same bull, and cultured in vitro until day 7 on Vero cell monolayers in B2 medium. Grade 1 to 3 in vivo and grade 1 and 2 in vitro produced embryos deemed viable according to IETS criteria. The mean numbers of blastocysts and viable blastocysts per session per cow were, respectively, 8.3 ± 5.5 and 4.8 ± 3.6 in the in vivo system and 2.5 ± 2.6 and 1.8 ± 2.2 in the in vitro system. Individual cow data of in vivo and in vitro embryo production were analyzed by ANOVA (GLM program in SAS; SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA). Results are presented in Table 1: mean ± SD. Quantity and quality of produced embryos varied significantly among females, and production in vivo and in vitro was not systematically related. Contrasted phenotypes were identified according to their viable blastocyst rates in both systems (in vivo: no viable/recovered; in vitro: no viable/inseminated). Two females presented a relatively high percentage of viable blastocysts in both systems (over 30% in vitro and over 70% in vivo, Table 1). On the contrary, 2 females showed low percentages of blastocysts in the 2 systems (<10% in vitro and <50% in vivo). For most other females, the percentage of in vivo-produced blastocysts was relatively high (>50%), but in vitro development rates were low. Only one female (C3) presented the inverse situation. Oocytes collected from animals with contrasted phenotypes will be analysed for gene expression to identify marker genes associated with oocyte developmental competence.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 3, 2020 - 6:33:16 PM
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  • HAL Id : hal-02752219, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 24996



C. Guyader-Joly, S. Ponchon, C. Gonzalez, B. Marquant -Le Guienne, L. Clément, et al.. Identification of contrasted phenotypes in the bovine from repeated in vivo and in vitro embryo production following superovulation. 34. Annual Conference of the International Embryo Transfer Society, Jan 2008, Denver, United States. ⟨hal-02752219⟩



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