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Insights into the genome of Musa (banana), a giant herb bearing fleshy fruits

Abstract : Musa species, comprising dessert and cooking bananas, represent the fourth most important crop in developing countries. They are monocotyledons of the Musa species, comprising dessert and cooking bananas, represent the fourth most important crop in developing countries. They are monocotyledons of the Zingiberales order and the Musaceae family. We have compared genomic sequence in two Musa species with orthologous regions in the rice genome. We produced 1.4 Mb of Musa sequence from 13 BAC clones, annotated and analyzed them along with 4 previously sequenced BACs. The 443 predicted genes revealed that Zingiberales genes share GC content and distribution characteristics with eudicot and Poaceae genomes. Comparison with rice revealed microsynteny regions that have persisted since the divergence of the Commelinid orders Poales and Zingiberales at least 117 Mya. The previously hypothesized large-scale duplication event in the common ancestor of major cereal lineages within the Poaceae was verified. The divergence time distributions for Musa-Zingiber (Zingiberaceae, Zingiberales) orthologs and paralogs provide strong evidence for a large-scale duplication event in the Musa lineage after its divergence from the Zingiberaceae approximately 61 Mya. Comparisons of genomic regions from M. acuminata and M. balbisiana revealed highly conserved genome structure, and indicated that these genomes diverged circa 4.6 Mya. Further sequencing efforts should be focused first on the A genome of M. acuminata, which has a major contribution to banana and plantain diversity. This will enable: - alignment of the Musa genome in relation to major grasses, including rice and sorghum- phylogenomic analysis of gene families and metabolic pathways among monocots- use as a template for positional cloning of genes of agricultural interest- use as a support to develop genomic tools for whole-genome expression analysis- use as a template for re-sequencing and deep diversity analysis in the Musa gene pool.
Keywords : BANANIER RIZ
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02756111
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 3, 2020 - 10:34:43 PM
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  • HAL Id : hal-02756111, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 34675

Citation

Angélique d'Hont, Pietro Piffanelli, Magali Lescot, Chris Town, Jim Leebens-Mack, et al.. Insights into the genome of Musa (banana), a giant herb bearing fleshy fruits. 17. Conference Plant & Animal Genomes, Jan 2009, San Diego, United States. ⟨hal-02756111⟩

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