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Decomposition of changes in the consumption of macronutrients in Vietnam between 2004 and 2014

Abstract : Vietnam is undergoing a nutritional transition like many middle-income countries. This paper proposes to highlight the socio-demographic drivers of this transition over the period 2004-2014. We implement a method of decomposition of between-year differences in economic outcomes recently proposed in the literature. This method allows decomposing the composition effect which is due to the differences in observable covariates across years, in direct contributions of each covariate and effects of their interactions. This method is applied to VHLSS data. The results show the importance of between-year changes in the distributions of covariates on between-year changes in the distributions of total calorie intake and calorie intakes from proteins and fat. This effect is more contrasted in case of calorie intake from carbohydrates. Food expenditure and household size appear to be the main drivers of the observed evolutions in macronutrients consumption. On the contrary, the urbanization of the population has a negative effect on these evolutions, except on fat consumption. The effect of urbanization is, nevertheless, less than the positive effects of the previous two variables.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02787147
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Submitted on : Friday, June 5, 2020 - 1:26:40 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 10, 2021 - 3:45:48 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02787147, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 409312

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Thi Huong Trinh, Michel Simioni, Christine Thomas-Agnan. Decomposition of changes in the consumption of macronutrients in Vietnam between 2004 and 2014. 10. Vietnam Economist Annual Meeting (VEAM 2017), Development and Policies Research Center (DEPOCEN). Hanoi, VNM., Aug 2017, Hô-Chi-Minh-Ville, Vietnam. 23 p. ⟨hal-02787147⟩

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